hypoxanthine in DNA


DESCRIPTION:
Hypoxanthine is a naturally occurring purine derivative. It is occasionally found as a constituent of nucleic acids where it is present in the anticodon of tRNA in the form of its nucleoside inosine. It has a tautomer known as 6-Hydroxypurine. Hypoxanthine is a necessary additive in certain cell, bacteria, and parasite cultures as a substrate and nitrogen source. For example, it is commonly a required reagent in malaria parasite cultures, since Plasmodium falciparum requires a source of hypoxanthine for nucleic acid synthesis and energy metabolism. Hypoxanthine is also a spontaneous deamination product of adenine. Because of its resemblance to guanine, the spontaneous deamination of adenine can lead to an error in DNA transcription/replication.

DAMAGE TYPE: deamination


DNA DAMAGE SOURCE(S) (MAIN):
spontaneous deamination


DNA DAMAGE EFFECT(S) (MAIN):
mutagenesis
point mutation
substitution




Last modification date: Oct. 12, 2011